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|Australia||Legal for individuals to produce beer and wine for personal use.||Illegal to distil alcohol (e.g. spirits) without an excise manufacturer licence. Permission is also required from the Australian Taxation Office to own, possess, dispose of, buy, sell, import or manufacture a still of over 5 litres capacity, whether it is being used to produce alcohol or not.|
|Canada||Legal in most Canadian provinces. Liquor laws are regulated provincially, while the federal government has laws about taxation and importation of beer, wine and other liquors.||Legal with a license to distill granted by the (provincial) government.|
|Czech Republic||Legal. 200 Litres per household per year of beer for personal use, including notification of the customs office. 2000 litres of wine household per year.||Not permitted although every household can distill fermented fruit only, up to 30 litres per year in a local distillery, for personal use only.|
|Denmark||Legal. No limit per household per year of beer, given that it is for personal consumption.||Not permitted - Distillation licenses not available for persons|
|Finland||Legal for personal use only.||Illegal. Only a commercial manufacturer can apply for a manufacturing permit.|
|Germany||Legal. 200 litres of beer per household per year may be produced without taxation, but notification of the local customs office is necessary. Larger quantities are taxed according to law.||Illegal. Distillation licenses not available for persons.|
|Hong Kong||Legal.||Legal with a license, otherwise punishable by fine and/ or forfeiture.|
|Hungary||Legal. 1000 litres of beer per person per year may be produced without taxation, but notification of the local customs office is necessary. Larger quantities are taxed according to law.||Legal. 50 litres of palinka per person per year may be produced without taxation, but notification of the local customs office is necessary. Larger quantities are taxed according to law.|
|Iceland||Legal up to 2.25% alcohol by volume only.||Illegal except for officially licensed and regulated distilleries.|
|India||Legal for personal use in certain states. No national law exists that specifically prevents brewing. Some states ban alcohol completely.||Illegal.|
|Ireland||Legal for personal use. Illegal with intent to sell or if sold for profit.||Illegal except for officially licensed and regulated distilleries.|
|Italy||Legal only for personal use.||Illegal|
|Japan||Legal up to 1% alcohol by volume only; suppliers sell homebrewing equipment and kits, leaving it up to the customer to brew within the law.||Illegal.|
|Malaysia||Illegal. Exemption is given to natives in Sabah and Sarawak for their own consumption.||Illegal.|
|New Zealand||Legal for personal use, not for selling without a license.||Legal since 1996 to distill spirits for personal consumption, not for selling without a license.|
|Netherlands||Legal for personal use only.||Illegal except for officially licensed and regulated distilleries.|
|Norway||Legal for personal use only.||Illegal|
|Poland||Legal for personal use only, not for sale.||Illegal|
|Russian Federation||Legal for personal use only.||Legal for personal use.|
|Singapore||Legal up to 30 litres per household per month. Brewers must be 18 years of age or older, and the brewing process must not "degrade the environment". The product must not be sold||Legal only with a license|
|South Africa||Legal for home brewed beers in unlimited quantities for personal use only, not for sale or barter, without any required permits or licenses. Registration as a "manufacturer not for commercial use" at the South African Revenue Service (SARS) is required to produce wine at home.||Registration and a permit are required to own, operate, or have a still in one's possession. Producing distilled spirits at home is limited "for own use" only and products may not be sold, or used for bartering.
As of 2010 "agricultural distilling" permits are no longer available. Commercial operations require a micro-manufacturing license (for quantities up to 2 million litres of spirits per year), and various other permits are required. For larger quantities, a full manufacturing license and various permits are required.
|Sweden||Legal for personal use only, not for sale.||Illegal|
|Taiwan||Legal for personal use only, not for sale.|
|Turkey||Legal up to 350 litres for personal use.||Illegal|
|United Kingdom||Legal in unlimited quantity for domestic consumption only. Fermented products for sale must include payment of alcohol duty and registration with HM Revenue and Customs.||Legal with a license to distill granted by the government.|
|United States||Legal in all states. Individual states remain free to restrict or prohibit the manufacture of beer, mead, hard cider, wine and other fermented alcoholic beverages at home. Until 2013, Alabama and Mississippi were the only states with laws prohibiting the homebrewing of beer. Alabama and Mississippi both legalized home brewing in their respective 2013 legislative sessions. Although all state governments have legalized homebrewing, some states retain local options that permit local governments to make homebrewing illegal under municipal law. Alaska is one such state where the local option is currently exercised.
Most states permit homebrewing of 100 gallons of beer per adult (of 21 years or older) per year and up to a maximum of 200 gallons per household annually when there are two or more adults residing in the household. Because alcohol is taxed by the federal government via excise taxes, homebrewers are restricted from selling any beer they brew. This similarly applies in most Western countries. In 1978, President Jimmy Carter signed into law a bill allowing home beers, which was at the time not permitted without paying the excise taxes as a holdover from the prohibition of alcoholic beverages (repealed in 1933). This change also exempted home brewers from posting a "penal bond" (which currently ranges from a minimum of $1000.00 to a maximum of $500,000) which had the prohibitive effect of economically preventing brewers of small quantities from pursuing their hobby.
|Regulated at the National level under USC Title 26 subtitle E Ch51. Production of distilled alcohols for consumption carries an excise tax and numerous requirements must be met to legally produce.
Owning or operating a distillation apparatus without filing the proper paperwork and paying the taxes carries federal criminal penalties.